CIS 105 -- Survey of Computer Information Systems

Essential Concepts and Terminology -- Study Unit 6.

Application Software.
Computer programs that help you perform a specific task such as word processing. Also called application programs, applications, or programs.
Horizontal Market Software.
General purpose computer program used by many different kinds of businesses (for example, an accounting program) or many individuals.
Vertical Market Software.
Computer programs designed to meet the needs of a specific market segment or industry.
Custom Software.
Software that has been written specifically to meet the needs of a particular user.
Productivity Software.
Computer programs that help individuals work more effectively and efficiently.
System Requirements.
Minimum necessary specifications for the operating system and hardware configuration for a software product to function.
Software Piracy.
Illegally copying, distribution, or modification of copyrighted software.
Commercial Software.
Copyrighted computer applications sold to consumers for profit.
Copyrighted software marketed under a license that allows users to use the software for a trial period and purchase a license if they wish to continue use.
Copyrighted software provided for free, usually with the condition that is cannot be resold for profit.
Public Domain Software.
Software that has not been copyrighted, or is made available for public use, by its author.
Beta Version.
A preliminary release of a program during its final testing phase. Beta versions often contain errors and expire after a predetermined time period.
Software License.
A legal contract that defines the ways in which a program can be used.
Reference manuals and support materials that explain how a program works.
Maintenance Release.
A minor revision release of a program that corrects bugs and/or adds minor features.
The process by which programs are copied to the hard disk of a computer system.
Office Suite.
A group of application programs packaged and sold as a unit.
Object Linking and Embedding (OLE).
The process that enables separate applications to exchange data and work in an integrated manner.
The process of transferring program code to memory.
A sequence of dialog boxes that direct the user through multi-step software tasks, such as installing programs.
A version of a document that includes basic text, graphics and/or formatting for creating documents.


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