Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

Salinas Photo Galleries
Gran Quivira

The Tiwa- and Tompiro-speaking pueblos in Central New Mexico, Quarai, Abó, and Gran Quivira, blended Mogollo and Ancestral Puebloan cultural features. The Salinas Valley, situated between the Rio Grande populations and the Plains Indian, served as a major trade center. Three large pueblos became focii in the Catholic missionization efforts of the Spanish conquerors during the 1600's. The Salinas District was the easternmost of mission districts in Nuevo Mexico. Fray Alonso de Benavides reported "fourteen of fifteen pueblos in the area, which must have more than 10,000 souls." The mission ruins of the "pueblos de las salinas" district stand as stark reminders of the imposed social change to previous traditions. By the 1680 Pueblo Revolt, construction had ended after a long span of once-thriving prehistoric and early historic occupation of the numerous Native communities in the area.

National Parks Ranger Marcus Taylor greeting visitors outside the Quarai Ruins Museum and
Visitor Center. The Quarai Mission is the most intact and restored of the three large churches.

Abó Ruins includes the Spanish mission church and convent ruins, a rock art trail,
prehistoric and historic pueblo ruins, Spanish reoccupation ruins, and a Visitor Center.
While the Visitor Center closes, the area is not gated after the closing hour.

At Gran Quivira, unlike the red sandstone at Abó and Quarai, the local stone is limestone.
Also, the larger of the two churches at Gran Quivira was never completed.

Gran Quivira is also distinguished by the incredible ancient artifacts on display.

Three unique canteens (upper right) highlight the pottery display.

Locations: The National Parks Service maintains a Visitor Center in Mountainair, New Mexico, central to the three sites. Quarai is located north of Mountainair and southeast of Estania, on the outkirts of Punta de Agua. Ao is just off US highway 60 west of Mountainair, southeast of Belen and northeast of Socorro. Gran Quivira is located between Mountainair and Carrizozo just of NM highway 55, 25 miles from Mountainair.

Salinas Photo Galleries
Gran Quivira
Salinas PowerPoints
Gran Quivira

Salinas Ruins Placemarks

NPS Website: Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument


Next on the Southwest Web Ring:

Pecos National Historical Park

Mesa Verde National Park
Spruce Tree House
Canyon de Chelly
Chaco Culture National Historical Park
Aztec Ruins
Salmon Ruins
Hovenweep National Monument
Trail of the Ancients
Pecos National Historical Park
Canyons of the Ancients
Edge of the Cedars
Coronado State Monument
Bandelier National Monument
Blythe Intaglios
Salinas Pueblo Missions
Montezuma Castle
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the Fort McDowell Indian Community
Social Organization of
Three Apache Tribes
A History of Havasupai
Political Organization
Diabetes: Thrifty Genotype
or Thrifty Phenotype?
Southwest Archaeology
Lecture Notes
Pueblo Grande Mound
A Labor Analysis
Rattlesnakes of Arizona
The Chaco Meridian

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